Degeneration in the region of the spine located in the lower back is named as Lumbar spondylosis. Since the lower spine is responsible for bearing the majority of the body's weight as well as carrying out a full range of body movements, it is common for spondylosis to occur in this area.
Causes of lumbar spondylosis
Spondylosis is a medical term used to describe age-related degeneration in the spine. While a number of factors can contribute to the onset of this condition, the primary contributing factor to lumbar spondylosis is aging.
In young age, the body naturally keeps the discs between our vertebrae hydrated and springy so that they can stand up to the stress and strain we place on them. A thick coating of lubricating cartilage keeps the joints between the vertebrae moving smoothly. However, in old age the body chemistry changes and soft tissues dry up, lose their elasticity and wear away. This can lead to disc deterioration. Also the ligaments and tendons stiffen and cartilage erodes. Specific spinal conditions like Ruptured discs, Bulging discs, Spinal stenosis, Foraminal stenosis, Spondylolisthesis, Bone spurs, Arthritis of the Spine may develop.
Lumbar spondylosis symptoms and treatment
The pain from spondylosis is mostly caused by nerve compression as the structures of the spine become abnormal or joint stiffness as cartilage erodes. The most common lumbar spondylosis symptoms include lower back pain and stiffness, pain that is worse in the morning, and improves with exercise, loss of coordination or difficulty walking and sciatica. In extremely serious cases, neurological problems and bowel and bladder control issues may be present.
Treatment options are almost always non-surgical in nature. Physical activity, lifestyle changes and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are usually the first course of treatment, and are effective in mild cases. Moderate or chronic cases may require additional treatment, such as cortisone shots to the spine and physical therapy. For severe cases, surgical treatment may be recommended.